- With whom did Cain and Seth have children since the Bible doesn’t mention any other women besides Eve?
- Does 2 Corinthians 8:13-15 promote the notion that God desires that all congregations of His people be the same in abundance? Is financial equality an aim of the church?
- If a Christian woman is married and is enduring physical abuse in the marriage, is she supposed to stay in the marriage?
- What is the unpardonable sin?
With whom did Cain and Seth have children since the Bible doesn’t mention any other women besides Eve?
Adam named his wife “Eve” because “she was the mother of all living” (Gen. 3:20). Scripture states that in addition to Cain, Abel, and Seth, Adam and Eve “had other sons and daughters” (Gen. 5:4). God had told them to “be fruitful and multiply and fill the earth…” (Gen. 1:28). Since Adam lived for a total of 930 years, it is clear that he and Eve were able to spend several centuries fulfilling that command to fill the earth with their children.
Thus, Cain and Seth, as well as the rest of Adam and Eve’s immediate children, could, in turn, have children by marrying their sisters. This would be the origin of the wife Scripture mentions Cain acquired after murdering Abel (Gen. 4:17).
The genetic problems resulting from familial intermarriage would not have existed at that time since the earth and human biology, in their original state at the beginning of time, was “very good” (Gen. 1:31). Additionally, the laws prohibiting incestual marriages would not come from God until centuries later at Sinai (Lev. 18:7ff; 20:11-21).
Does 2 Corinthians 8:13-15 promote the notion that God desires that all congregations of His people be the same in abundance? Is financial equality an aim of the church?
God’s primary task for the church is to save souls through the proclaiming of the gospel and help the souls within the church to grow stronger spiritually (Mark 16:15; 1 Pet. 2:9; Eph. 4:15-16). The New Testament examples and commands which pertain to the church concerning benevolent help are a means to the end of achieving the primary task of saving and edifying souls (2 Cor. 9:8-14). Thus, the directive to the Corinthians to ease the burden of their suffering Judean brethren was given with the goal of edifying the Judean brethren and saving the lost.
These directives were not given with the goal of achieving financial equality among all local congregations within the body of Christ since a) the focus of the mission of the church has always been spiritual rather than material, and b) such would be an impossibility due to the economic reality that there will also be rich people and poor people in this world (Matt. 26:11; James 2:1-7).
If a Christian woman is married and is enduring physical abuse in the marriage, is she supposed to stay in the marriage?
1 Corinthians 7:10-11 gives guidance concerning the terrible scenario presented in this question. Paul tells married Christians that they should not separate from each other (v. 10). However, he then acknowledges that separation may occur anyway; should that be the case, the separated spouse should remain unmarried or else be reconciled to their estranged spouse.
While it is true that it is not God’s will that anyone should separate those whom He has joined together in marriage (Matt. 19:6), we can conclude from the Corinthians directive that it is also true that He does not wish harm to come upon a sister in Christ who is being treated with violence by her husband. Thus He allows the option of separation under the parameters of remaining celibate or being reconciled should she determine it safe to return to her husband. Should her husband commit fornication against her, there would also be the option of divorce and remarriage (Matt. 19:9).
All Christians should do all they can to show kindness, compassion, and love to anyone who finds themselves in the horrible situation of being abused by their spouse.
What is the unpardonable sin?
The unforgivable sin is blaspheming the Holy Spirit (Matt. 12:22-32). Jesus was casting out demons by the miraculous power of the Holy Spirit (v. 28), but the Pharisees’ hearts were so hardened against Him that they refused to attribute His miracles to the power of the Spirit, choosing instead to blaspheme the Spirit by attributing His work to Satan (v. 24). The reason their sin is unpardonable is due to the hardness of their hearts which made it impossible for them to repent, accept Christ, and be forgiven (cf. Heb. 6:4-6).
While miracles done by men via the Holy Spirit’s power have ceased today (1 Cor. 13:8-10), it is still possible to have a heart so hardened that one rejects the Spirit-inspired Word of God and thus fails to repent, turn to Christ, and be subsequently forgiven (Heb. 10:26-31; cf. 6:4-6; 1 John 5:16-17; Lk. 8: 5, 12). This is why it is so important to have open and honest hearts when one receives the message from the Spirit which is God’s Word (Lk. 8:15).